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Strange and beautiful species, to help inspire the Subnautica development team.

Sea Life (General)

Sea Sponge emitting Bio Luminescent dye

Species found while Blackwater diving, 8 km off the shore of Hawaii

Deep Sea creatures

The Cardinal Fish (Bio Luminescence)
Bio Luminescent Cave
Barreleye fish (Spook fish)

Blobfish

Extinct Helicoprion Shark (A shark with a row of teeth, shaped like a buzz-saw)

Diatoms (Algae cells, arranged in decorative patterns)

Plant life

???

Carnivorous plants (Sticky plants)

Nudibranch's, Sea Worms and Snails

About Nudibranch's

Glaucus Atlanticus

The Spanish Dancer (Hexabranchus sanguineus)

A blue Nudibranch

Bubble Snail

Nudibranch (Hermissenda crassicornis)

(Some kind of Nudibranch)

Deep sea worm (Tomopteris)

Deep Sea worm (???)

Fire worm

Comb Jellies

Bali waters

Comb Jellies

More Comb Jellies

Jellyfish

Siphonophore Jellyfish

Neoturris pileata (A Jellyfish that looks like it has a brain)

Portuguese Man of War (Jellyfish)

Jellyfish (???)

Stygiomedusa gigantea (Dementor Jellyfish hybrid)

Glass Squid

Deep sea Squid with eggs

Exotic Insects

Transparent caterpillar (The Jeweled Caterpillar)

Costasiella kuroshimae

The Tortoise Beetle

Cocoon and Evolved Metallic Mechanitis Butterfly Chrysalis from Costa Rica (HOLY COW!!)

the Golden Jewel Beetle

Disco caterpillar

Some kind of Pray Mantis?

Ant that uses it's head for a door (The 'Door head' ant)

Fictional creature design art

Sidera's Universe - Designs by 'Fabien mense'

Mineral creatures (Living rocks)
(For Collaboration Purposes) A beginners guide on how to use TiddlySpace

My TiddlySpace - theinvertedtower
Enamel, is made up of a three-dimensional network of Calcium ions (Ca2+), Phosphate ions (PO43-), and Hydroxide ions (OH-)
arranged in a regular pattern. The formula for this material is Ca5(PO4)3(OH), and is called Hydroxylapatite (HAP) [1].

The name "Tooth Germ" refers to the Enamel, the Dental papilla, and the Dental Follicles of a tooth, together as a single unit.
The Dental Pulp is where the Odontoblast cells are present and is located in the center of the tooth, surrounded by Dentin.

Dentin is the softer, bone-like matrix, between the Dental Pulp and the Enamel. This prevents the more brittle Enamel from fracturing.
One of the functions of the Dental Pulp, is to keep the surrounding tissue supplied with moisture and nutrients.

Enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, and is mostly comprised of the mineral Hydroxyapatite Ca5(PO4)3(OH) - Bone Salt.
Also written as Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 to denote that the crystal unit comprises of two entities.
Phosphate: A salt or ester of phosphoric acid (H3PO4), containing the group PO43-.
Phosphates are important in metabolism and are frequently used in fertilizers.
Base: A substance that can donate a pair of Electrons to form a covalent bond. A substance that yields Hydroxyl ions (-OH) when dissolved in water. When acids and bases react with each other, they can form a salt and (usually) water.
This is called a neutralization reaction and takes the following form: H + -OH → H2O)

Salts: Are created when the Hydrogen atoms (H1-) of an acid, are replaced by the electropositive ions of a base (Metals).
One example is the creation of salt, through the combination of Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) with Sodium hydroxide (NaOH):

HCl + NaOHNaCl + H2O

Chlorine (e 1- / 1+) is a Halogen, while Sodium (Na1+) is an Alkali metal with a positive net charge.

(Cl) + (H1-) = HCl
(Na1+) + (-OH) = NaOH
Alkaline earth metals: Any of the divalent electropositive metals, or their oxides.
These include Beryllium (Be), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Strontium (Sr), Barium (Ba), and Radium (Ra).

They belong to group 2A of the periodic table and are usually shiny solids that conduct heat and electricity.
They lose their two outermost Electrons to form cations with charge 2+ and an Oxidation state, or Oxidation number of 2+.
Oxidation: For example, Oxygen can be used to remove Electrons from Iron (Fe).
This is because Oxygen needs 2 Electrons to make itself stable, so it has an electric charge of -2.
Iron oxide: These are chemical compounds composed of Iron and Oxygen [2].
Iron (Fe) has an oxidation state ranging from -2 to +6 (Although +2 and +3 are the most common) [3].
However, you cannot have an Oxidation reaction without a corresponding reduction reaction [4].
Phosphoric acid: (H3PO4) Also called Orthophosphoric acid, is a colourless solid tribasic acid, used in the manufacture of fertilizers and soap. The crystalline acid is formed by the oxidation of Phosphorus; its salts are called phosphates.
Univalent: Having a valence of one.
A Phosphate is any one of three chemical compounds, made up of Phosphorus, Oxygen, and Hydrogen. Two molecules of it are formed by adding three molecules of water (H2O), to one molecule of Phosphorus pentoxide (Phosphoric anhydride, P2O5).

[ H2O ] + [ H2O ] + [ H2O ] → (P2O5 -6) =  2 (H3PO4)
Phosphorus pentoxide: A corrosive compound, P2O5 and the ultimate anhydride of Orthophosphoric acid.
Anhydride: A chemical compound formed from another by the removal of water. Any compound formally derived from another (Or from others) by the loss of a water molecule, especially acid anhydrides.
Any of the Oxygen-containing acids of Phosphorus that are Hydration products of phosphoric anhydride.
It forms salts with either one, two, or all three of the Hydrogen atoms (H3PO4), replaced by some other positive ion (e+).

The Conjugate base of Phosphoric acid is the Dihydrogen phosphate ion, (H) 2PO−4,
which in turn has a conjugate base of Hydrogen phosphate HPO2−4, which also has a conjugate base of Phosphate, PO3−4.
Dihydrogen: The divalent radical formed by two separate Hydrogen atoms or ions.
A Dihydrogen bond is the interaction between a metal Hydride bond and an OH or NH group or other proton donor.

Hydride: Compounds containing Hydrogen bonded to metals or metalloid may be referred to as hydrides, even though these Hydrogen centres can have a protic character.

Or, a Hydrogen with another, more electropositive element or group. In chemistry, a hydride is the anion of Hydrogen (H),
or more commonly, an alloy or compound in which one or more Hydrogen centres have nucleophilic, or basic properties.
Polarize: To separate or accumulate positive and negative electric charges in two distinct regions.
Hydrogen: At (STD), Hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, non-toxic, nonmetallic,
highly combustible diatomic gas with the molecular formula (H2).
Ester: A compound most often formed by the condensation of an alcohol and an acid, with elimination of water.
It contains the functional group Carbonyl (C=O), joined via Carbon to another Oxygen atom.
Transesterification: (Organic chemistry) The reaction of an ester with an alcohol in order to replace the alkoxy group.
It is used in the synthesis of polyesters and in the production of biodiesel.
alkyl group: An alkane that is missing one Hydrogen atom.

Side chain: A chemical group that is attached to a core part, called "main chain" or backbone.
The placeholder R is often used to represent the alkyl (Saturated Hydrocarbon) group, in chemical structure diagram.
To indicate other non-carbon groups in structure diagrams, X, Y, or Z is often used [5].
What is a Carboxyl?

A Carboxyl group is an organic functional group consisting of a Carbon atom, double bonded to an Oxygen atom and single bonded to a Hydroxyl group.

This is written as C-(= O)OH, or -COOH [6]. The C- at the beginning, is the Carboxyl group,
double bonded to one Oxygen atom (= O) and single bonded to a Hydroxyl group (The radical -OH).

Carbon needs 4 Electrons to fill it's Valence Shell, so it has a net electric charge of -4.
And Oxygen needs 2 Electrons to make itself stable, giving it an electric charge of -2.

So the Carbon atom shares two of it's own Electrons with Oxygen (= O), forming a double bond and making the Oxygen atom stable.
But the Carbon atom still needs 2 more Electrons.

The Carbon atom, double bonded to an Oxygen atom (C=O-2), still needs 2 more Electrons. So it shares one with a Hydroxyl group, whose Oxygen atom needs one more Electron. This gives the formula C-(= O)OH, or -COOH a net electric charge of -1

What is a Hydroxyl?

The Hydroxyl group (The radical -OH) is one Oxygen bonded to a Hydrogen atom. Hydrogen has just 1 valence electron, or -1.
The Oxygen atom needs 2 Electrons (-2), so it shares the single electron that Hydrogen has, but it still needs another Electron.

[7]  [8] [9].
The teeth (And bones) are able to heal themselves in a process called Remineralization.

Fluoroapatite Ca5(PO4)3F (Calcium Fluorophosphate) is an important mineral in Enamel.
It is formed by replacing the Hydroxide ion (-OH) in Hydroxyapatite with Fluorine [10].

But is the Fluoride that's being used in the Fluoridation of the municipal water supplies in WA,
the same type that replaces the Hydroxide ions (-OH) in the Hydroxylapatite?
In May 2010, President Viktor Yanukovych promised to adopt in June 2010 the legislation necessary for creating a free trade zone between Ukraine and the European Union (EU) [1]. The Agreement was to be signed in Vilnius on the 29th November, 2013.
But the Preparations for signing the (AA) were suspended on the 21st November, 2013 [2].
Deadlines were set for Ukraine to carry out the required changes to its justice and electoral systems in order to enable the formal signing of their agreements with the EU in Vilnius on 29th November 2013.

But although the then Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych had urged the Ukrainian parliament to adopt laws so that Ukraine could meet the EU's criteria, the Ukrainian government suspended preparations for signing the association agreement on the 21st November 2013.

Yanukovych still attended the aforementioned EU summit in Vilnius on 28–29th November 2013 where the association agreement was originally planned to be signed but it was not. The decision to put off signing the association agreement led to large, widespread protests in Ukraine [2].
The Party of Regions were initially very supportive of the association agreement with the European Union, but backed out after the EU refused to renegotiate the agreement or to give financial guarantees and economic relief to Kiev for the trade losses and higher gas prices that Ukraine would face as a result of signing the agreement.

President Yanukovich and his Party of Regions realized that the agreement would allow corporations from the European Union to dismantle their own corporations and to replace their monopolies with EU corporate monopolies and control. The EU agreement would force Ukraine to change many of its trade laws and regulations that would disadvantage the Ukrainian oligarch’s corporations and, in economic terms, allow for Ukraine to be gutted and essentially reduced to an Eastern European colony.

The Ukrainian government did not sign the European Union’s EU-Ukraine Association Agreement because of its own interests and not on the basis of favourable sentiments towards Russia. The agreement with the EU additionally would force Ukraine to cut its trade ties with its major economic partners, Russia and the other members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), without providing any alternative
[4].